What Do Compression Socks Do? (Functions, Benefits & Guides) – Gain The Edge Official
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    What Do Compression Socks Do?

    what do compression socks do

    If you are dealing with an injury, swelling, or just poor circulation, you might be looking into using compression socks to help you. But what do compression socks do, exactly? 

    This article explains exactly that by discussing compression socks, how they work, what they are used for, as well as how they can benefit you. 

    What this article covers:

    What Is a Compression Sock?

    do compression socks work

    Compression socks are a specific sock design that is intended to compress your feet and lower shins.

    These socks apply light pressure around your feet and lower shin, and this results in several health benefits for your legs and overall circulation. 

    When looking at how to wear compression socks, you should put them directly over your legs and feet, and then put on shoes. If you need added warmth, you can add another thick pair of socks over the compression socks. 

    How Do Compression Socks Work?

    Compression socks are designed to slightly compress the feet and legs, which in turn applies light pressure to your leg tissue. This results in a reduction of swelling in the legs and feet. 

    The compression also improves blood circulation from the legs to the rest of the body, which can reduce the risk of clots, vein damage, inflammation, and more. This is important in general day-to-day life, especially for those who are prone to these issues, but can also help in strenuous activity, or long periods of sitting. 

    The best compression socks are from Gain the Edge, as they also have grips underneath to prevent your foot from slipping inside your shoe. This reduces the risk of injury, while also promoting good blood flow circulation.

    how does a compression sock work

    What Are Compression Socks Used for?

    Compression socks can be used for several reasons, depending on your specific health needs and issues, as well as your lifestyle. These socks are versatile with their benefits, so most people find that they can derive some use from them. 

    Athletes tend to wear compression socks when they are both on and off the field. This is because it increases circulation, which many believe can be linked to a more comfortable experience and improved performance. 

    Footballer players could opt for mid-calf grip socks with compression to wear over shin guards, which will not only help with circulation and performance but also prevent slipping in the boots which can reduce the risk of injury. 

    how does compression socks work

    Women who are pregnant can benefit from compression socks as it reduces swelling, which can be a real issue during pregnancy, and helps to reduce the risk of vein damage or varicose veins. 

    Swollen legs can be caused by more than just pregnancy, such as heart or kidney disease, so compression socks can be helpful to improve circulation and reduce this discomfort. These may require higher compression sock grades, depending on the severity of your condition. 

    You may even experience leg swelling temporarily, like during a long flight, and compression socks are handy to have for these situations. 

    If you are forced to stay seated or in bed for long periods, compression socks can be a real savior to keep blood flowing and prevent blood clotting or swelling. This can be the case when you are sick, injured, or recovering from a major surgery. Putting on compression socks is a simple step that can make a huge difference. 

    Are Compression Socks Good for You?

    Compression socks have a multitude of benefits and can help in many situations, so yes, they are very good for you. 

    benefit of compression socks

    Whether you have chronic issues with circulation or leg swelling, or you are just in need of some leg support while bedridden or sitting for long periods, compression socks come in handy. Even many athletes credit compression socks for optimal performance and physical recovery. 

    The socks work well to reduce swelling in the legs and feet, increase blood circulation, prevent blood clots, reduce pain and inflammation, reduce the risk of varicose veins, and increase lymphatic drainage. 

    When to Wear Compression Socks

    Compression socks can be worn all day and on most occasions, even when you do not necessarily feel like you need them, as their design will simply increase your overall circulation and comfort. 

    When it comes to how long it takes compression socks to work, this will vary depending on how severe the lack of circulation is. It might be instant or take an hour or so to reduce swelling and discomfort. 

    If you are an athlete, or you exercise regularly, wear compression socks to improve your performance and endurance. It also helps with the recovery process, allowing you to jump back into activity far more quickly. 

    compression socks benefits

    If you are going to be traveling for a long period, you should wear compression socks as a preventative measure. If you are sitting on a long trip without moving around you will likely experience a lack of circulation in your legs, which can cause swelling and intense discomfort. Compression socks will prevent this, keeping your blood flowing so that you are comfortable throughout. 

    In addition to long periods of sitting, long periods of standing up can also result in issues for your legs. Wearing compression socks will support your feet and legs, ensuring that you do not experience pain or swelling. 

    If you are pregnant, make compression socks a regular part of your daily outfits, as this will save you from a lot of discomfort caused by swollen legs and feet. The same applies if you suffer from kidney or heart disease. 

    When it comes to how long you should wear compression socks, you can wear them as long as you need. There is no real time limit or downside to it, but you should monitor your legs, especially the skin, to ensure that you do not develop any type of adverse reaction to the fabric. 

    You should also avoid compression socks that are too tight, as this might cause a certain extent of aching. If you do experience this, it might be best to either give them a short break, size up for a more comfortably-fitting pair. 

    If you are unsure of what size you need, you can always get measured for compression socks by a specialist.

    Benefits of Compression Socks

    Reduces Swelling and Pain

    benefits of compression socks

    Lack of circulation in the legs can be detrimental to your health, as this can lead to serious inflammation, swelling, varicose veins, thrombosis, and more. 

    Bad circulation can lead to a build-up of fluid in the legs, which is what results in these uncomfortable symptoms. With compression socks, legs are well supported with light pressure which prevents this from building up and keeps the circulation going. 

    It is especially important to wear these socks if you are spending long periods sitting or standing up, like when you are on a plane or at work. 

    While it is crucial to drink sufficient fluids to keep hydrated and to rest or move your legs around as and when you can, this is not always possible to do regularly in certain situations. Compression socks can save the day, as they prevent the health risks that can arise from this. 

    Improves Athletic Performance

    If you are an active person, whether as a professional athlete or as an avid exerciser, compression socks can play a crucial role in improving your performance and recovery. 

    Regular movement, especially if strenuous, can put a lot of pressure on the joints in the legs, which might lead to injury or chronic pain over time. This can result from running, weight lifting, field sports, swimming, and more. 

    With compression socks, you can prevent this from becoming an issue. The socks provide greater support to the left and reduce undue impact and pressure on the muscles. The increased circulation can also help your performance as your legs will not rise as quickly or easily. 

    If you have white grips socks for football with compression, this has double the benefit, as it improves blood flow in the legs for optimal performance, and helps to keep feet steady and not slipping around which also stabilizes you on the field. Both of these features can boost your overall performance. 

    Helps Athletic Recovery

    compression sock benefits

    The recovery process in athletics and exercise is tricky to navigate, but can also be made easier with compression socks. 

    They aid in returning muscles to their normal state in a shorter amount of time, which allows you to return to training at optimal levels much more quickly. This is especially useful if you have a jam-packed workout or practice schedule that requires you to be active over consecutive days. 

    To make the most of this benefit, it is best to wear compression socks while partaking in the activity, as well as afterward. Keep a clean pair ready for after training, and pop them on for the rest of the day/night to speed up the recovery process. 

    Improves Sleep and Comfort

    You may be at your most comfortable when in bed, especially with your feet up, but compression socks can be worn in bed during the night to maximize comfort when you sleep. 

    The light pressure can be helpful if you are in bed for long periods at a time, as the lack of movement can eventually cause circulation issues. For your normal 7-8 hours of sleep, compression socks can aid in extra support and comfort, especially if you tend to suffer from restless leg syndrome or leg spasms during the night. 

    Aids Chronic Issues

    Compression socks are often recommended to those who suffer from a range of chronic illnesses or issues that result in issues with their legs and/or circulation. 

    If you have heart or kidney disease, you may experience poor circulation as a result of this. Wearing compression socks regularly, or when you are in more demanding physical situations, can help manage these symptoms and minimize pain and discomfort. 

    The socks reduce the risk of further health issues or complications in the blood and veins. 

    how do compression socks work

    Prevents Issues for the Elderly

    As you get older, you become more at risk of developing issues with your circulation. This may come about regardless of your physical condition and other health issues, as an unavoidable symptom of aging. 

    To prevent this from getting too severe, you can start wearing compression socks regularly. Incorporating them into your daily outfits will act as a preventative to poor circulation, and add an overall increase in comfort, especially if you are quite active. 

    If you have started experiencing early signs of poor circulation, such as slight pain in the legs, the socks can also prevent this from progressing to more serious health issues such as blood clots. 


    Compression socks are very useful to reduce issues that come with poor circulation in the legs. This includes varicose veins, let swelling, deep vein thrombosis, blood clots, ulcers, and more. 

    If you have any health conditions that have poor circulation as a symptom, it is well worth investing in a pair as you will likely need them regularly to alleviate pain and discomfort. Compression socks for the elderly are also a good investment, as circulation issues often come with age. 

    Athletes and those who exercise regularly can also benefit from compression socks in their performance and their recovery process. Pregnant women often experience leg swelling, so compression socks will come in handy during these nine months, too. 

    What Does a Compression Sock Do? (FAQs)

    Should I wear compression socks?

    what are compression socks used for

    Anyone can wear compression socks, but they are especially useful if you suffer from conditions that lead to poor circulation, leg swelling, leg pain, varicose veins, and so on. They are also useful for pregnant women and athletes. 

    Can I wear one compression sock?

    Yes, you can. This might be useful if you are experiencing circulation issues in just one leg, and you are using socks as a means to resolve this. For preventative purposes, it is best to wear both socks so that both legs are supported against the risks of poor circulation. 

    Do compression socks help circulation?

    Yes, they do help circulation. Compression socks are designed to compress the legs, applying light pressure to encourage a normal flow of blood circulation. 

    Do compression socks reduce swelling?

    Yes, compression socks can reduce swelling. 

    Swelling in the legs is usually caused by poor circulation. The socks apply light pressure to the legs to promote blood flow and circulation, which should result in the reduction of this swelling.

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